A digital SLR (DSLR) camera is a fantastic tool for creative photography. When the full range of options are used correctly, it can capture everything from sport and action shots to close-ups of flowers and insects. The vast array of menus, buttons and dials on a DSLR camera can be daunting, so it’s important to understand the key features worth exploring.
If you want to make the most of your DSLR, it’s important to take the time to read the manual. Modern cameras offer shortcuts, customizable menus and other advanced features you can only get to grips with if you know how to access them.
Once you are familiar with the basics, here are ten things you should master on your DSLR Camera:
If any of these terms are confusing, check out 19 Essential Photography Terms that All Beginners Should Learn
1) Aperture priority mode.
The amount of a picture that’s sharp in front of and behind the focus point can be controlled by adjusting the aperture setting of a camera.
- Smaller apertures result in more of a scene being in focus and are ideal for landscape shots.
- Wide apertures can be used for portrait photographs where you want to isolate a person against a blurred background.
Selecting aperture priority mode on a DSLR allows you to control the aperture, and the camera will automatically set the correct shutter speed.
2) Shutter priority mode.
Taking control of the shutter setting on a camera allows you to freeze or blur motion. Sports photographers usually shoot at one five-hundredth of a second or faster to capture the action.
Shutter priority mode allows you to set the shutter speed for the subject, and the camera will adjust the aperture setting for the correct exposure.
3) Manual focus.
The autofocus systems on modern cameras are fast and accurate, but they don’t work every time. Fast moving subjects and low-light conditions are examples of situations where using autofocus can result in disappointing pictures. If you’re serious about photography, you need to know how to focus manually.
4) ISO setting.
ISO is a measure of a digital camera sensor’s sensitivity to light. Increasing the ISO allows you to shoot in lower light and at higher shutter speeds.
Image quality reduces at higher ISO settings, so choosing the right setting can be a compromise between quality and the amount of light available.
5) White balance.
The color of the light from different sources varies, and a DSLR’s white balance setting allows you to compensate for this. For example, a photograph of a person taken under a fluorescent light may have a green or blue tone.
A camera’s auto white balance feature will correct most problems, but you should know how to take control of the setting, as mixed lighting can lead to unwanted color casts.
6) Exposure compensation.
The exposure compensation setting on a camera gives you the option to lighten or darken a photograph when using an auto exposure setting. It doesn’t require as much work as using manual exposure mode, but allows you to create different effects and compensate for difficult lighting conditions. For example, metering systems can be fooled by bright backgrounds, and exposure compensation allows a photographer to intervene and correct any problems.
7) The histogram display.
Learning how to read a camera’s histogram display can take your photography to the next level. Judging the exposure by looking at the screen can be difficult, and histograms allow you to see the distribution of tones within in an image.
Fine tuning exposure means you can get the maximum amount of detail in a photograph. With experience, you can learn to read a histogram in seconds and make the necessary exposure compensation to get the perfect shot.
8) Vibration reduction (VR).
Blurred images caused by the camera moving during exposure is a common mistake made by new photographers. Increasing shutter speed and mounting the camera on a tripod are possible solutions, but modern DSLRs offer a VR function as an alternative.
VR is available on most Nikon and Canon cameras and is activated by a switch on the lens. Activating VR allows you to shoot at slower shutter speeds and still produce pin sharp images.
9) Burst mode.
Sport and action photographers often rely on burst mode to ensure they capture the perfect moment. Rather than take a single shot when the shutter release is pressed, burst mode takes a series.
The number of shots captured per second varies between cameras, but is typically between three and six. Burst mode increases your chances of getting sharp pictures when shooting fast moving objects.
10) Focus lock.
Most DSLRs assume the subject of a picture is at the center of the frame and focus accordingly. Positioning the main subject off-centre often results in a more satisfying composition, but this can mean the camera focusses on the background. Focus lock is the solution.
After focussing on the subject and activating the focus lock function you can position the subject anywhere in the frame for the most effective composition.
Modern DSLR cameras make taking photographs easy, but a photographer should still develop core skills and understand how to take control.